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Recurrent attributable profit stood at 788 million euros

Bankia posts attributable profit of 703 million euros in 2018, up 39.2% year-on-year

Bankia’s chairman, José Ignacio Goirigolzarri, has highlighted that from a strategic perspective, 2018 has been “extremely important for us because we have integrated BMN in record time and with great success, opening up huge possibilities for the future”.

Communication Bankia

By  Communication Bankia

Publish on 
28 January 2019 - 07:30

  • Net interest income increased by 5.5% and gross income was up 11.3%, fuelled by a 25.3% rise in fee and commission income, all this without including BMN in 2017
  • Expenses were down 4.3% on a constant perimeter basis after synergies from the merger with BMN were captured earlier than expected
  • The CET1 Fully Loaded ratio stands at 12.51% after improving by 56 basis points during the year, and close to 800 million euros of capital being generated
  • Non-performing assets (non-performing loans and gross foreclosed assets) decreased by 6,000 million euros; more than double what was envisaged in the Strategic Plan
  • Bankia attracted 120,576 new customers over the year and increased the number of customers with direct income deposits by 103,000
  • There was a 6% rise in new mortgage loans, while both consumer loans and loans to companies rose by 13%
  • 45.4% of the bank’s customers are already digital, with 25.8% of sales executed through this channel in December

Bankia posted an attributable profit of 703 million euros in 2018, an increase of 39.2% with respect to 2017. The recurrent attributable profit stood at 788 million euros, a decrease of 3.4% compared to the 816 million euros on the same period a year earlier.

Bankia’s chairman, José Ignacio Goirigolzarri, has highlighted that from a strategic perspective, 2018 has been “extremely important for us because we have integrated BMN in record time and with great success, opening up huge possibilities for the future”, adding that the merger “has already led to an increase in our customer base”.

As a result, Goirigolzarri stated that the dividend per share out of 2018 profits will be 5% higher, meaning that “over the years, Bankia has returned more than 3,000 million euros of state aid”.

We begin 2019 with a new organisation: an organisation designed for the future; far more agile and much more ambitious. This will undoubtedly bear fruits now, but also in the medium and long term.

José Ignacio Goirigolzarri
Bankia’s chairman

Goirigolzarri is also very confident about the bank’s transformation over the year ahead. “We begin 2019 with a new organisation: an organisation designed for the future; far more agile and much more ambitious. This will undoubtedly bear fruits now, but also in the medium and long term”.

The bank’s CEO, José Sevilla, meanwhile, notes that “throughout 2018 we have grown in key segments of our business, such as consumer lending and lending to companies, in which both the number of loans and our market share have increased”.

Sevilla underlined that last year “was a key milestone in terms of cleaning up the balance sheet and boosting our solvency ratio, which will stand at 12.51% when the transactions that are in process are closed, which maintains us as one of the most solvent entities in the sector”.


The year 2018 was once again marked by extremely low interest rates, prompting the bank to focus its efforts on improving the business’s dynamics to boost current revenues and lay the foundations to bring in even more revenues moving forward and, on the other hand, to speed up the process of offloading problematic assets, capturing synergies from the BMN merger to achieve many of the cost savings envisaged in the Strategic Plan ahead of schedule.

During 2018, Bankia enjoyed a 5.5% increase in net interest income to 2,049 million euros (nonetheless, if BMN’s results had been included in the 2017 income statement there would have been a 9.6% decrease). Fee and commission income went up 25.3% (3.4% on a constant perimeter basis) and net trading income rose by 11.5%, increasing gross income by 11.3% (a decrease of 6.3% if BMN is factored in) to 3,368 million euros.

The gross customer margin widened to 1.58% – in line with that generated in the first quarter of 2017, which had not been achieved since the second half of 2013. This figure was five basis points higher than in the last quarter of 2017, primarily because of the lower cost of deposits coupled with slightly higher returns on loans.

Operating expenses grew by 20.7% due to the BMN takeover, although on a constant perimeter basis, there was a fall of 4.3% because of accelerated capture of cost synergies sooner than expected. These already total 130 million euros, while the forecast was only 66 million euros. As a result, pre-provision profit went up 1.4% (-9.1% proforma) to 1,498 million euros.

Ordinary provisions for loan losses and foreclosed assets totalled 437 million euros – down 2.5% year-on-year, cutting the recurrent cost of risk by five basis points to 0.18%. Furthermore, an extraordinary allowance of 85 million euros after tax was recognised for the sale of a portfolio of non-performing assets amounting to 3,070 million euros, at the time of the agreement. On the other hand, this deal will result in a saving of 200 million euros over the subsequent three years after the transaction is closed.

Thus, ordinary profit totalled 788 million euros (down 3.4%) or 703 million euros if the extraordinary provisions related to the sale of portfolios is deducted (39.2% higher than the 505 million euros posted a year earlier, when 312 million euros were charged for the merger).

Increased dividend per share

With these results, the Board of Directors will propose to the General Meeting of Shareholders to raise the dividend per share by 5% to 11.576 euro cents (11.024 euro cents in 2017). Bankia’s shareholders will thus receive 357 million euros in total compared to 340 million euros in the previous year. The pay-out will therefore stand at 50%.

Given the FROB’s current 61.4% stake in Bankia, this dividend sees a further 219 million euros of state aid being repaid. Once this dividend has been distributed, which is planned for April, 3,083 million euros of the financial aid will have been repaid, of which 961 million correspond to the five dividend payments since 2014.

Higher quality balance sheet and greater solvency

One of the areas in which the group dedicated most effort in 2018 was to improve the quality of its balance sheet by paring back both doubtful loans and foreclosed assets. The bank reduced non-performing assets (NPAs) by 6,000 million euros from 16,900 million euros a year earlier to 10,900 million euros. This means it has more than doubled its target of a 2,900 million-euro reduction per year over the three years of the Strategic Plan.

Of the reduction in non-performing assets, 3,702 million euros correspond to doubtful loans, the total balance of which now stands at 8,416 million euros. This puts the non-performing loan ratio at 6.5% – 2.4 points lower year-on-year.

The remaining 2,300 million euro decrease in NPAs correspond to the decrease in foreclosed assets, which now stand at 2,462 million euros. On top of the major portfolio asset portfolio transaction, Bankia has offloaded 13,300 units organically, totalling sales of 646 million euros – 7.2% more than a year earlier.

Turning to solvency, Bankia saw out 2018 with a CET1 Fully Loaded ratio of 12.51%, which includes the effect of the sale of NPAs and the reorganisation of the bancassurance business. This involved an increase of 56 basis points with respect to the previous year and generating 775 million euros of capital over the course of the year.

Including the unrealised sovereign gains in the fair value portfolio, the CET1 Fully Loaded ratio stands at 12.62%. The total solvency ratio stands at 16.34%, an increase in the year of 161 basis points.

On a Phase-in basis, which is the regulatory ratio, the CET1 ratio is 13.80%, which includes the unrealised gains in the AFS portfolio and does not include the problematic assets portfolio sale. The capital buffer over and above the SREP requirement is 524 basis points.

Bankia also saw its liquidity improve. At the end of the year, the LTD ratio stood at 91.2% compared to 93.9% a year before.

More customers, more loyal and more digital

Business last year was heavily influenced by the Bankia-BMN merger and precisely because of that, commercial activity gradually rose over the course of the year. In the end, the bank managed to reach and indeed exceed the cruising speeds achieved in previous years, boosting both new and loyal customer numbers alike. It granted more mortgages, consumer loans and loans to companies; enjoyed growth in the value-added businesses such as payment services and asset management; and increased the rate at which customers are moving over to digital banking.

The bank attracted 120,576 new customers over the year and boosted customer loyalty, ending the year with a further 103,000 customers with direct income deposits.

Customers also switched over to digital banking at a faster rate, meaning that at year-end, 45.4% of customers were digital and 25.8% of sales had been made through digital channels versus 15.7% in the preceding year. Notably, 31.4% of consumer loans were arranged online, as were 19.4% of pension plans and 12.6% of mutual fund investments.

Half the bank’s customers also have a personal manager, 755,000 of whom already have an online personal advisor through the Connect with your expert service.

Lending has increased

New mortgage loans rose by 6% to 2,928 million euros, while new consumer loans increased by 13% to 2,286 million euros and 13% more loans to companies were granted for a total of 14,484 million euros. Consequently, the balances of consumer loans and loans to companies rose by 14.1% and 4.4%, respectively.

The bank also showed significant progress in the payment services business. Point-of-sale (POS) terminal turnover went up 15.2%, and customer in-store card payment turnover was 12.8% higher. All this translated into an increased market share: 12.39% of total POS turnover and 12% of card turnover.

There was a 0.3% fall in retail customer funds by year-end to 147,149 million euros. The performance of mutual funds was most notable, boosting the market share by 17 basis points to 6.55% during what was a very challenging year for the markets.

Key events in 2018

  • On 8 January 2018, Bankia and BMN culminated their legal integration with the filing in the companies register of the corresponding public deed.
  • On 11 January, BMN shareholders received one ordinary Bankia share with a par value of 1 euro for 7.82987 ordinary BMN stakes, also with a par value of 1 euro.
  • On 26 January, Bankia’s Board appointed Carlos Egea as executive member of the Board.
  • On 6 February, Fitch upgraded Bankia’s outlook from stable to positive, leaving its rating unchanged at BBB-.
  • On 27 February, Bankia unveiled its 2018-2020 Strategic Plan. The bank announced its intention to distribute over 2,500 million euros to its shareholders over the next three years; more than double the 1,160 million euros paid out during the last four years.
  • On 7 March, Bankia and Crédit Agricole agreed to exclusively negotiate establishing a consumer credit joint venture.
  • On 19 March, Bankia completed integrating its IT platforms following the merger with BMN.
  • On 22 March, Bankia and PayPal joined forces to enhance the payment experience for their customers in Spain.
  • On 6 April, S&P upgraded Bankia’s rating a notch from BBB- to BBB.
  • On 20 April, Bankia paid out a cash dividend of 340 million euros, taking the amount of state aid it has repaid to 2,864 million euros.
  • On 27 April, Bankia reached an agreement with Haya Real Estate for the management of it real-estate assets.
  • On 11 June, the bank launched "Bankia Easy”: a raft of practical solutions from Bankia to make its customers’ lives easier.
  • On 3 July, Bankia customers could start using Apple Pay to make payments using their mobile phones.
  • On 10 July, Bankia completed the acquisition of 50% of Caja Granada Vida and Caja Murcia Vida y Pensiones.
  • On 2 August, a corporate banking directorate was created specialising in the hotel sector in the Balearic Islands.
  • On 6 August, the bank announced it would reimburse the arrangement costs of loans to develop real estate with environmental sustainability certificates.
  • On 10 September, the bank placed 500 million euros of CoCos, enabling it to fulfil “anti-crisis buffer” requirements.
  • On 26 October, Bankia’s Board of Directors approved the appointment by co-option of Laura González Molero as a new independent director of the bank.
  • On 6 November, Bankia offered its customers the option of using the Samsung Pay mobile payment service.
  • On 20 November, Bankia announced an agreement with PayPal, which is the first collaboration of its kind between PayPal and a bank in Spain. The bank also revealed that the Google Pay payment service would be launched for its customers.
  • On 17 December, Bankia announced an agreement with Lone Star to pare back its NPAs by over 3,000 million euros. This, along with other deals over the course of the year, enabled the bank to reduce its problematic assets by 6,000 million euros.


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